INDIGENOUS CATTLE BREEDS

The general superiority of indigenous cattle with respect to adoptability, disease resistance etc., is well recognized. Indigenous cattle can withstand and graze even at atmospheric temperatures of 40 degree celsius. The extensive area covered by the dewlap, loose body skin, more sweat glands and hair coat play a vital role in its heat tolerance. They can switch its body skin and drive away flies, fleas and mosquitoes. The sweat also acts as a repellant to these insects due to its peculiar smell. Indigenous cattle in general are also an alert and intelligent. They can recognize their owners even after lapse of considerable time.

The cholesterol level in milk and other products of indigenous cattle is lower than European cattle and type of fatty acids found in them is beneficial to the human body. The medicinal properties of milk, urine, dung, etc., of indigenous cattle are well known in Ayurveda system of medicine.